APOPHYSOMYCES Misra, , 1979 (in Mirsa, Srivasatava, and Lata, Mycotaxon 8:377); 1 sp. (Misra et al. 1979).
Apophysomyces elegans produces stolons and rhizoids and short coenocytic sporangiophores that terminate in a columellate, apophysate, multispored sporangium with a deliquescent wall; some apophyses constricted below the sporangium. Sporangiospores globose to ellipsoid, smooth-walled. Zygospores unknown (Misra et al., 1979).
Type species: A. elegans
Species of Apophysomyces:
A. elegans Misra, Srivastava & Lata, 1979 (Mycotaxon 8: 378).
Apophysomyces elegans is difficult to get to sporulate in culture but culture methods have been devised to get this taxon to produce identifiable reproductive structures (Ellis and Ajello, 1982; Padhyay and Ajello, 1988). Good illustrations are provided by Misra et al. (1979) and Mikawa (1988). Apophysomyces elegans is a human pathogen (Ellis and Ajello, 1982); O’Donnell (1979) considered Apophysomyces a synonym of Absidia.
Ellis, J.J., and L. Ajello. 1982. An unusual source for Apophysomyces elegans and a method for stimulating sporulation of Saksenaea vasiformis. Mycologia 74:144-145.
Mikawa, T. 1988. The Mucorales of Kathmandu, Nepal (1), pp. 77-114. In: M. Watanbe and S.B. Malla (Eds.). Cryptogams of the Himalayas. Vol. 1. National Science Museum, Tsukuba, Japan
Misra, P.C., K.J. Srivastava, and K. Lata. 1979. Apophysomyces, a new genus of the Mucorales. Mycotaxon 8:377-382.
O’Donnell, K.L. 1979. Zygomycetes in culture. Palfrey Contributions in Botany. No. 2. Department of Botany, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia. 257 p.
Padhyay, A.A., and L. Ajello. 1988. Simple method of inducing sporulation by Apophysomyces elegans and Saksenaea vasiformis. J. Clin. Microbiol. 26:1861-1863.
Updated Mar 14, 2005